Case report: the importance of screening for EVALI

Venessa Josef, HCA MountainView Hospital, Las Vegas, NV, USA, George Tu
2020 Southwest Journal of Pulmonary and Critical Care  
E-cigarette or vaping product use associated lung injury (EVALI) is an epidemic that has swept the United States by storm starting in Sept 2019. E-cigarettes or vaping was initially advertised as a "safer" alternative to smoking cigarettes when they entered the market in 2007. Only now are we are starting to see the complications of a not so harmless behavior. Many times, EVALI can present similar to community acquired pneumonia (CAP), which can cause a clinical conundrum when despite adequate
more » ... n despite adequate antibiotic coverage, patients' respiratory status tend to decline. Through our case report, we demonstrate and stress the importance of early screening for e-cigarette and vaping use in social history to increase clinical suspicion of EVALI and provide early intervention if a patient does not respond to CAP treatment, in hopes of identifying more cases of EVALI and igniting future research.
doi:10.13175/swjpcc012-20 fatcat:cagqg4fiojcjzdc34sqwy4b7tu