Proceedings of the Society, 1891
Journal of Hellenic Studies
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... lenic Studies. e l $Sriett f o r t t e ornmation u f dellnic Stubics SESSION OF 1890o-91. THE FIRST GENERAL MEETING was held on October 20oth, 1890, Professor Jebb, President, in the chair. Mr. A. H. Smith read a paper on the sculptured drum from Ephesus which is now in the British Museum, and which is commonly interpreted as relating to the story of Alcestis. He tried to show that the subject of the relief is the making and sending forth of Pandora as told by Hesiod. According to this theory Pandora stands, ready to depart, between Eros and Hermes (who is seen conferring on her the gift of speech). Hephaestus stands on the left of the scene. On the right a goddess, perhaps Peitho, holds out a necklace, and beyond her is a seated figure of Zeus. The writer adduced an unpublished vase in the British Museum to support his argument (J. H. S., vol. xi. p. 278). Miss Harrison said the suggested interpretation was interesting, but doubted if it could be accepted as final. Mr. Watkiss Lloyd and Mr. Cecil Smith also took part in the discussion. Mr. Theodore Bent gave an account of his recent researches in Cilicia, and regretted that, owing to the bulk of epigraphical material, the paper on the district of Olba would not be ready for the next issue of the Hellenic /ournal. He described first of all the coast towns of the district, Augusta Sebaste, Corycos, and a third town Korasios, which he has identified as the pseudo-Coracesium of Stephanus Byzantius. He then proceeded to describe his identification of the Corycian cave by means of inscriptions and the long list of Cilician names, I6o in all, which he found on the outer wall of the temple of Zeus over the cave. He then spoke of the adjoining e This content downloaded from 188.8.131.52 on Mon, 29 Dec 2014 20:46:55 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions This content downloaded from 184.108.40.206 on Mon, 29 Dec 2014 20:46:55 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions xlv to our knowledge of an important period. Another volume, shortly to be published by the Museum, will contain other texts from new papyri,including seven poems by the iambograph Herodas ; part of a hitherto unknown oration, perhaps by Hypereides; a grammatical treatise ascribed to Tryphon; and collations of papyrus MSS. of Isocrates' De Pace, parts of the Iliad, etc. When we remember that fragments of Plato and Euripides are to be added to the newly-found texts, it is apparent that the range of literature over which new light may be looked for from new papyri is a wide one; and it does not seem too sanguine to hope that Egypt may have more such gifts in store for us. At any rate, the experience of the year agreeably reminds us that this generation can still feel a ripple of excitement at the discovery of a new Greek classic,-such a ripple as a similar occurrence might have sent through the Italy of Petrarch. But these are not the only literary discoveries which have been published during the last twelvemonth. Mr. W. Loring has edited, in our Journal the new portion of the Edict of Diocletian, in a Greek version, found on a stone at Megalopolis. The date of the edict was 30I A.D.: its object was to fix the naximzum prices for various commodities. The prices are reckoned in the copper denarius, worth about I of our penny. The chief interest of the new fragment consists in the proof that gold-of which copper was then, as it is now, merely the token-was then extremely dear: i.e., the value of gold, relatively to commodities, was extremely high. Another point of interest consists in the local epithets given to commodities,--showing whence they came. A kind of woollen cloak is called a /Tpo' Bpe-ravyluct. It has been suggested that the epithet may mean 'Bruttian '; but if it means 'British,' then this is probably the earliest reference to an exportation of wool or woollen stuffs from Britain. Another remarkable discovery, published this year, is as yet, perhaps, less widely known. During a visit of the Emperor Hadrian to Athensprobably at his first visit, in 123-126 A.D.-an Athenian philosopher named Aristides addressed to him an eloquent Apology for Christianity. The fact is noticed by Eusebius and Jerome ; but the Apology itself was not extant. In 1889 Mr. J. Rendel Harris, formerly Fellow of Clare College, Cambridge, and now Professor of Biblical Languages at Haverford College, Pennsylvania, found a Syriac translation of this Apology at the Convent of St. Catherine on Mount Sinai. He transcribed it, and prepared to edit it, with notes and an English version. The proof-sheets of the English version were read by Mr. J. Armitage Robinson, Fellow of Christ's College. Shortly afterwards, Mr. Robinson happened to be reading, in the Latin version, that once-famous romance, the 'Life of Barlaam and Josaphat.' Josaphat, the son of an Eastern king who persecutes the Christians, is converted by the monk Barlaam; the king his father thereupon lays a plot for re-converting him: an old man named Nachor, a good actor, shall personate the monk Barlaam,-shall make apretended defence of Christianity,-and shall be publicly confuted by the Pagan advocates.