Prediction of Future Ozone Concentration for Next Three Days Using Linear Regression and Nonlinear Regression Models

Nazirul Mubin Zahari, Raja Ezzah Shamimi, Mohd Hafiz Zawawi, Ahmad Zia Ul-Saufie, Daud Mohamad
2019 IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering  
The aim of this research is to predict the ozone concentration level for the next three days. Linear regression model and a nonlinear regression model are used to measure the air pollution data and the result was compared. The performance indicator used to evaluate the accuracy of the methods is Index of Agreement (IA), Prediction Accuracy (PA) and Coefficient of Determination (R2). While Normalized Absolute Error (NAE) and Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) are for error measured. The results show
more » ... hat the prediction for the next three days. The highest ozone concentration of the linear regression model is 0.085ppm at Petaling Jaya, Selangor. While the lowest concentration for the linear regression model is 0.015 ppm at Klang, Selangor. Besides, the highest ozone concentration for the nonlinear regression model is 0.1 ppm at Petaling Jaya, Selangor for the second-day prediction. Comparison between the linear regression model and a nonlinear regression model indicates that nonlinear regression model can as an alternative method to the linear regression model.
doi:10.1088/1757-899x/551/1/012006 fatcat:7ud5e2v5xzeb7bh7yzx5txfxoy