Association of the Psychological Distress and Cardiovascular Risk Behaviors, Conditions and Diseases: the CroHort Study

Tea Vukušić, Ognjen Brborović, Hana Fazlić, Slavica Sović, Marta Čivljak
2012 Collegium Antropologicum  
A B S T R A C T Aim of this study was to explore and compare association of PD (psychological distress) and cardiovascular risk behaviors, conditions and diseases in Croatian adult population. The sample of this study consisted of 3,229 respondents. Psychological distress status was measured by the five-item Mental Health Scale (MHI-5) of the Short Form questionnaire (SF-36), hence one distinguished subgroup consisted of population with PD and other without PD. Prevalence of cardiovascular risk
more » ... cardiovascular risk behaviors, cardiovascular risk conditions and self-reported cardiovascular diseases within each subgroup were calculated. During the follow up period physical inactivity remained the only risk behavior showing significant difference between PD status subgroups for both genders demonstrating higher prevalence in men and women with PD. During follow up period hypertension, myocardial infarction, angina pectoris and self-reported heart failure in women remained constant in showing statistically significant prevalence difference among population with and without PD. In men that type of constant association was shown only for heart failure.
doi:10.5671/ca.2012361s.157 fatcat:qiv6mxr43jdjlie2wwmen2i4zy