First-principles supercell calculations of small polarons with proper account for long-range polarization effects

Sebastian Kokott, Sergey V Levchenko, Patrick Rinke, Matthias Scheffler
2018 New Journal of Physics  
We present a density functional theory (DFT) based supercell approach for modeling small polarons with proper account for the long-range elastic response of the material. Our analysis of the supercell dependence of the polaron properties (e.g., atomic structure, binding energy, and the polaron level) reveals long-range electrostatic effects and the electron-phonon interaction as the two main contributors. We develop a correction scheme for DFT polaron calculations that significantly reduces the
more » ... icantly reduces the dependence of polaron properties on the DFT exchange-correlation functional and the size of the supercell in the limit of strong electron-phonon coupling. Using our correction approach, we present accurate all-electron full-potential DFT results for small polarons in rocksalt MgO and rutile TiO$_2$.
doi:10.1088/1367-2630/aaaf44 fatcat:x23vg5i3w5hahjjoefuq5svr3m