Rolling Bearing Fault Diagnosis Based on Adaptive Multiparameter-Adjusting Bistable Stochastic Resonance
Shock and Vibration
The weak-signal detection technologies based on stochastic resonance (SR) play important roles in the vibration-based health monitoring and fault diagnosis of rolling bearings, especially at their early-fault stage. Aiming at the parameter-fixed vibration signals in practical engineering, it is feasible to diagnose the potential rolling bearing faults through adaptively adjusting the SR system parameters, as well as other generalized parameters such as the amplitude-transformation coefficient
... ation coefficient and scale-transformation coefficient. However, extant adaptive adjustment methods focus on the system parameters, while the adjustments of other adjustable parameters have not been fully studied, thus limiting the detection performance of the adaptive SR method. In order to further enhance the detection performance of adaptive SR methods and extend their application in rolling bearing fault diagnosis, an adaptive multiparameter-adjusting SR (AMPASR) method for bistable systems based on particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm is proposed in this paper. This method can produce optimal SR output through adaptively adjusting multiparameters, thus realizing fault feature extraction and further fault diagnosis. Furthermore, the influence of algorithm parameters on the optimization results is discussed, and the optimization results of the Langevin system and the Duffing system are compared. Finally, we propose a weak-signal detection method based on the AMPASR of the Duffing system and employ three diagnosis examples involving inner ring fault, outer ring fault, and rolling element fault diagnoses to demonstrate its feasibility in rolling bearing fault diagnosis.