Treatment of Intrauterine Adhesions with Human Amnion Mesenchymal Stromal Cells (hAMSCs) on Promoting Endometrial Regeneration and Repair Via Notch Signaling Pathway Regulation
Background: Human amniotic mesenchymal stem cells(hAMSCs) can repair and improve the damaged endometrium which its aplastic disorder is the main reason for intrauterine adhesions(IUAs).Methods: We conducted in vivo and in vitro experiments. In vivo experiments: 45 female Sprague-Dawley(SD) rats were involved and randomized equally into Sham group, IUA group, Estradiol(E2) group, hAMSCs group, and E2 + hAMSCs group. The effect of hAMSCs and E2 only or combined was evaluated by
... Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) and Masson staining. The expression of epithelial markers and key proteins of Notch signaling pathway by Immunohistochemistry. In vitro experiments: Firstly, the hAMSCs cells were taken and divided into control group and induced group in which hAMSCs were differentiated into endometrial epithelial cells in induced microenvironment, and extracted their RNA respectively. The expression of epithelial markers and Notch1 messenger RNA (mRNA) was detected by Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(qRT-PCR). and the changes in expression position of Notch intracellular domain(NICD) and expression amount of target gene, hairy enhancer of split 1(Hes1) were detected by Immunofluorescence. Then, Activated and inhibited the Notch signaling pathway while induction, and detected mRNA expression of hAMSCs epithelial markers by quantitative real-time polymerase chainreaction (qRT-PCR) respectively and detected hAMSCs cell cycle by flow cytometric. Results:This study showed that hAMSCs alone or combined with E2 could promote endometrial repair, and Notch signaling pathway a great role in it. And otherwise, the activation or habitation of Notch signaling pathway determines whether hAMSCs could differentiate into endometrial epithelial cells or not.Conclusion: we concluded that activate the Notch signaling pathway promote the differentiation of hAMSCs into endometrial epithelial cells, and further treat IUAs.