Budget Analyses of Precipitation and Energetics Associated with Torrential Rainfall Events over Zhejiang, Fujian and Jiangxi

Xinyi Yang, Xiaofan Li
2018 SOLA : Scientific Online Letters on the Atmosphere  
Four cases of heavy rainfall over Zhejiang, Fujian and Jiangxi during mid-June are simulated by the two-dimensional (2D) cloud-resolving model using the large-scale forcing data derived from the 6-hourly ERA-Interim data set. The simulations are used to conduct budget analysis of precipitation and energetics associated with the development of torrential rainfall. Surface rainfall is dominated by water vapor convergence (Q WVF ) in water vapor related surface rainfall budget and heat divergence
more » ... nd heat divergence (S HF ) in thermally related surface rain budget. The high linear correlation coefficients between water vapor related precipitation efficiency (PEWV) and heat related precipitation efficiency (PEH) stem from the statistical similarities between Q WVF and S HF . The diurnal variations of surface rainfall correspond to the upward motions. An energy conversion efficiency is defined as the ratio of perturbation kinetic-energy to convective available potential energy to measure how efficiently the secondary circulations develop under the consumption of the convective available potential energy. The diurnal variations of energy conversion efficiency generally are in phase with the rainfall, indicating importance of interaction between dynamics and water vapor in build-up of rainfall peaks. (Citation: Yang, X., and X. Li, 2018: Budget analyses of precipitation and energetics associated with torrential rainfall events over Zhejiang, Fujian and Jiangxi. SOLA, 14,[185][186][187][188][189][190][191]
doi:10.2151/sola.2018-033 fatcat:wg2vzi363nbr3dkuaclynauzwe