Advances in the Treatment of Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Hepatitis B Virus Co-infection

Guofang Sun
2016 Infection International  
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are transmitted through the same pathways. Therefore, the incidence of HBV in the HIV-infected population is higher than that in the healthy population, and is more obvious in China given the high HBV prevalence in the country. HIV and HBV co-infection can accelerate the disease process of HBV. Moreover, the incidence of cirrhosis and end-stage liver disease is higher in patients co-infected with HIV and HBV than in patients
more » ... in patients infected HBV alone. When treating patients co-infected with HIV and HBV for HBV infection alone, care should be taken to avoid the induction of HIV resistance. HBV should be considered during drug selection for anti-retroviral treatment. Furthermore, the effective HBV treatment should be retained if anti-retroviral drugs require changing.
doi:10.1515/ii-2017-0131 fatcat:43p66rufjjevvl3dbxv5qbjxue