Principal-component analysis of two-particle azimuthal correlations in PbPb and $p$Pb collisions at CMS

CMS Collaboration, Florencia Canelli, Benjamin Kilminster, Thea Aarestad, Lea Caminada, Annapaoloa De Cosa, Riccardo Del Burgo, Silvio Donato, Camilla Galloni, Andreas Hinzmann, Tomas Hreus, Jennifer Ngadiuba (+9 others)
For the first time a principle-component analysis is used to separate out different orthogonal modes of the two-particle correlation matrix from heavy ion collisions. The analysis uses data from √ s N N = 2.76 TeV PbPb and √ s N N = 5.02 TeV pPb collisions collected by the CMS experiment at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. Two-particle azimuthal correlations have been extensively used to study hydrodynamic flow in heavy ion collisions. Recently it was shown that the expected factorization of
more » ... particle results into a product of the constituent single-particle anisotropies is broken. The new information provided by these modes may shed light on the breakdown of flow factorization in heavy ion collisions. The first two modes ("leading" and "subleading") of two-particle correlations are presented for elliptical and triangular anisotropies in PbPb and pPb collisions as a function of p T over a wide range of event activity. The leading mode is found to be essentially equivalent to the anisotropy harmonic previously extracted from two-particle correlation methods. The subleading mode represents a new experimental observable and is shown to account for a large fraction of the factorization breaking recently observed at high transverse momentum. The principle-component analysis technique was also applied to multiplicity fluctuations. These also show a subleading mode. The connection of these new results to previous studies of factorization is discussed.
doi:10.5167/uzh-146500 fatcat:cwmlzxd74zdxdjymabpcphbumu