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Exact solution for a random walk in a time-dependent 1D random environment: the point-to-point Beta polymer

Thimothée Thiery, Pierre Le Doussal

2016
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Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical
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We consider the Beta polymer, an exactly solvable model of directed polymer on the square lattice, introduced by Barraquand and Corwin. We study the statistical properties of its point to point partition sum. The problem is equivalent to a model of a random walk in a time-dependent (and in general biased) 1D random environment. In this formulation, we study the sample to sample fluctuations of the transition probability distribution function (PDF) of the random walk. Using the Bethe ansatz we
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... e Bethe ansatz we obtain exact formulas for the integer moments, and Fredholm determinant formulas for the Laplace transform of the directed polymer partition sum/random walk transition probability. The asymptotic analysis of these formulas at large time $t$ is performed both (i) in a diffusive vicinity, $x \sim t^{1/2}$, of the optimal direction (in space-time) chosen by the random walk, where the fluctuations of the PDF are found to be Gamma distributed; (ii) in the large deviations regime, $x \sim t$, of the random walk, where the fluctuations of the logarithm of the PDF are found to grow with time as $t^{1/3}$ and to be distributed according to the Tracy-Widom GUE distribution. Our exact results complement those of BC for the cumulative distribution function of the random walk in regime (ii), and in regime (i) they unveil a novel fluctuation behavior. We also discuss the crossover regime between (i) and (ii), identified as $x \sim t^{3/4}$. Our results are confronted to extensive numerical simulations of the model.

doi:10.1088/1751-8121/50/4/045001
fatcat:izujjeqjufduvkmkmwqozemzxq