Monitoring Hydroxycinnamic Acid Decarboxylation by Lactic Acid Bacteria Using High-Throughput UV-Vis Spectroscopy

Gonzalo Miyagusuku-Cruzado, Israel García-Cano, Diana Rocha-Mendoza, Rafael Jiménez-Flores, M. Monica Giusti
2020 Molecules  
Hydroxycinnamic acid (HCA) decarboxylation by lactic acid bacteria (LAB) results in the production of 4-vinylplenols with great impact on the sensorial characteristics of foods. The determination of LAB decarboxylating capabilities is key for optimal strain selection for food production. The activity of LAB strains from the Ohio State University—Parker Endowed Chair (OSU-PECh) collection potentially capable of synthesizing phenolic acid decarboxylase was evaluated after incubation with HCAs for
more » ... 36 h at 32 °C. A high-throughput method for monitoring HCAs decarboxylation was developed based on hypsochromic shifts at pH 1.0. Out of 22 strains evaluated, only Enterococcus mundtii, Lactobacillus plantarum and Pediococcus pentosaceus were capable of decarboxylating all p-coumaric, caffeic and ferulic acids. Other strains only decarboxylated p-coumaric and caffeic acid (6), only p-coumaric acid (2) or only caffeic acid (1), while 10 strains did not decarboxylate any HCA. p-Coumaric acid had the highest conversion efficiency, followed by caffeic acid and lastly ferulic acid. Results were confirmed by HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS analyses, showing the conversion of HCAs into their 4-vinylphenol derivatives. This work can help improve the sensory characteristics of HCA-rich foods where fermentation with LAB was used during processing.
doi:10.3390/molecules25143142 pmid:32660090 fatcat:bltfzuazmrdjbhcoh7c6hx4mmy