CT and MRI in Extracranial Head and Neck Lesions

J. S. Aswini Jyoth Jyoth, D Mounika, M. Vijaya Kumari, N Jayalatha
2018 International Journal of Contemporary Medical Research [IJCMR]  
The multiplanar imaging capabilities and superior contrast resolution of MRI allow more elegant demonstration of most lesions and can be beneficial for surgical planning. Study aimed to use of Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging in extra cranial head and neck lesions and to determine the site of origin of the lesion and to detect and characterize the lesions of different etiologies on MRI. Material and methods: Total 150 patients with suspected extra cranial head and neck lesions
more » ... ad and neck lesions (detected on clinical history, USG or CT scan) underwent MR imaging of the extra cranial head and neck, during a period of 2 years for the study. This study was a Prospective, observational study, conducted on patients of any age group of either sex, referred to the Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, Osmania General Hospital/ Osmania Medical College and MNJ cancer Hospital, for MRI of extra cranial head and neck which was done after taking a written, informed consent. Results: This study was performed on 150 patients with suspected extra cranial head and neck lesions. We studied the role of MR imaging in various extra cranial head and neck lesions. The prospective observational study carried out on 150 patients comprising 90 (60%) males and 60 (40%) females has slight male preponderance. Maximum numbers of patients were seen in age group of 41 to 60 years (38%) followed by 21-40 years (30%). All extra cranial head and neck lesions were divided into neoplastic and non-neoplastic lesions. Both neoplastic and non-neoplastic lesions were more prevalent in 4th to 6th decades, with the number of cases being 111 neoplastic (74% of all lesions) and 39 (34% of all lesions) non-neoplastic lesions respectively. Conclusion: Most common neoplastic lesions were tongue carcinoma (27.02%) and most common non-neoplastic lesions were multinodular goiter (14.28%), most common extracranial head and neck lesions were malignant accounting for 60% (90 cases) of all the lesions included in the study.
doi:10.21276/ijcmr.2018.5.9.31 fatcat:gdv5nbhuhjclth6jquj5detjla