Gold-diaphragm based Fabry-Perot ultrasonic sensor for Partial Discharge detection and localization

Wei Zhang, Ping Lu, Wenjun Ni, Wanze Xiong, Deming Liu, Jiangshan Zhang
2020 IEEE Photonics Journal  
Acoustic measurement is the most widely used non-electric method to detect partial discharge (PD) signals by detect the ultrasonic waves arisen from partial discharge. To solve the shortages of low sensitivity and susceptibility to interferences, a gold diaphragm based Fabry-Perot interferometer ultrasonic sensor is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. Its high acoustic sensitivity and directional insensitivity shows great capability for PD detection and localization. Experimental results
more » ... llustrate a well acoustic response from 20 kHz to 150 kHz when standard ultrasonic signals applied. The frequency range covers the acoustic frequencies derived from PD process. The ultrasonic signals from a discharge source is measured by the proposed fiber optic sensor with difference distances and incident angles. The output shows an attenuation of 1.32 dB/m and the sensor can detect weak signals as far as 3 m. The directional deviation coefficients are less than 10% for each measuring distance which exhibits directional independence. Two localization techniques with a sensor array (four sensors) are proposed and simulations are carried out to verify them feasible. The fiber-optic ultrasonic sensor may have a great potential in stability maintenance of electrical power systems due to its low cost, compact structure, environmentally robustness and simple manufacturing.
doi:10.1109/jphot.2020.2982460 fatcat:jndygiytkvarbjjsorv4b627iy