Green infrastructure evaluation model: Case study of Belgrade

Marija Cvetkovic, Ivan Simic, Vladimir Mihajlov
2019 Facta universitatis - series Architecture and Civil Engineering  
In this article, we consider possibilities to apply green infrastructure as an urban planning approach that provides polyvalent space for ecosystem services and human well-being and evaluates their impact on the city (re)generative space of biophilia. Two residential areas in Belgrade (block 45 in New Belgrade and Savamala neighborhood in the old city center) will be used as the focus of the research presented in this article. Even though they are characterized by different ecological, urban,
more » ... cological, urban, morphological and social characteristics, they share direct contact with Sava River. Therefore, the adaptive potential of these spatial segments will be the subject of the analysis presented in this article, and the emphasis will be on applying and evaluating design within the integrated network of green infrastructure, and the study will determine what impact it has to planning and implementation of elements of green infrastructure. of their spatial configuration and relation to the built and natural elements of surrounding, and thus to the components that constitute the green infrastructure. However, the physical level, which is linked to the neighbourhood-district or individual land/ building is common to all forms of informal greening. The basic assumption is that the forms of development of the urban areas establish mutually different relationships with the corresponding elements of GI, which primarily refers to those elements of GI at lower spatial levels of a neighborhood/ district. The impact of community greening on the quality of local GI will be identified by comparing the green areas exposed to two different types of cultivation and maintenancenon-institutional (community greening) and institutional (provided by the public company). The analysis should provide data which will show the different impact of both approaches. These spontaneously formed processes will be analyzed in order to examine the possibilities for inclusion in the strategy and action. With its autonomous informal adaptation the green area generated by tenants, local community or association can be considered a significant component of GI as a part of future greening urban plan concept at local level. Informal greening spaces, like GI, have ecological and psychological significance and they are an important factor of human wellbeing because, like GI, they have ecological, physiological and psychological importance. Considering functionalist and traditional city models of urban structures, these informal activities of greening acquire distinct features that can be categorized by type, size, purpose and ownership of the site, type of greening, initiating actors, and the opportunity for integration into the GI system, accordingly giving the assessment model. Elements of informal greenery contribute to ecological, economic and role in human well-being , and as such they are eligible to become a part of the formal, strategically planned
doi:10.2298/fuace190316011c fatcat:zyizdf2eufc3hb5ajn5yma6yqi