Temporal variations of bed load transport rate and the grain size distribution of non-uniform size sediment during a constant flow rates

Yusron Saadi, Ida Bagus Giri Putra, Agus Suroso, P. Hajek, A.L. Han, S. Kristiawan, W.T. Chan, M.b. Ismail, B.S. Gan, R. Sriravindrarajah, B.A. Hidayat
2018 MATEC Web of Conferences  
Bedload transport rates at a point using both laboratory and field measurement vary with time, from almost zero to several folds of the mean rate. The need to carry out point measurements over a sufficiently long sampling period is very important to cover inconsistency in the transport rate during a short period of observation. In this experiment the bedload was collected at a slot type sediment trap with ten-minute intervals throughout the tests. The aim was to examine the behaviour of mixed
more » ... ehaviour of mixed grain size sediment transportation during constant flowrates. Two hydrographs were applied to quantify the transport mode changes caused by an increase in time length as the mixtures were continuously exposed to the flow. It shows that intense bed degradation process occurred within three hours of the tests as indicated by almost identical rates of bedload transport during this period and the diminishing rate in the remaining hours. This reflects that a stable bed was achieved after three hours in which the armouring process was believed to take place. The grain size distribution suggests that the proportion of fine mode was relatively stable and the modal grain size of this mode experienced a similar pattern throughout the tests whilst the coarse mode was inconsistent and varied periodically.
doi:10.1051/matecconf/201819505001 fatcat:4a55guw2ujffbpno5dbvkt3fc4