Thermoelectric Properties of Partially Double-filled (Ce1-zNdz)yFe4-xCoxSb12 Skutterudites
Korean Journal of Metals and Materials
Ce 1-z Nd z ) y Fe 4-x Co x Sb 12 skutterudites were prepared by encapsulated melting, annealing, and hot pressing. The formation of a marcasite phase (FeSb 2 ) was significantly suppressed by partially filling the voids with Ce/Nd and making a Co substitution at the Fe site. Both the Hall and the Seebeck coefficient values were positive, indicating that all specimens had p-type characteristics. The electrical conductivity decreased with increasing temperatures, as in a degenerate
... erate semiconductor. The Seebeck coefficient increased with the charge compensation of Co and filler content of Nd; however, the electrical conductivity decreased. The partially double-filled specimens had a higher electrical conductivity and lower Seebeck coefficient than the completely double-filled specimens, due to the increase in carrier concentration. The lattice thermal conductivity was expected to decrease via partial double filling with Ce and Nd; however, it did not change significantly because of the comparable atomic masses and ionic radii of Ce and Nd. Therefore, the partially double-filled specimens had lattice thermal conductivities comparable to those of the completely double-filled ones. Co substitution had an influence on the ZT values due to the change in the intrinsic conduction onset temperature, which decreased with increasing Co content. Thus, the (Ce 1-z Nd z ) y Fe 4-x Co x Sb 12 skutterudites are a promising material for thermoelectric power generation in the mid-to-low temperature regions.