Catalase Activity in Brown Mussels (Perna perna) under Acute Cadmium, Lead, and Copper Exposure and Depuration Tests

Kamel Boudjema, Sidali Kourdali, Nabila Bounakous, Abdellah Meknachi, Abdelmalek Badis
2014 Journal of Marine Biology  
Brown mussels (Perna perna) were exposed to cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), and copper (Cu) concentrations under acute exposure and exposure-depuration tests for the estimation of biochemical biomarker catalase (CAT). The acute tests showed accumulated Cd, Pb, and Cu inPerna pernacorrelated linearly with the exposure concentrations (R2=0.794,R2=0.891, andR2=0.985for Cd, Pb, and Cu, resp.). The results of CAT increased significantly in tissues of treatment mussels after 72 h exposure when compared to
more » ... when compared to control. The values of total protein were disturbed in exposed groups when compared with control. These results suggest that metabolites and catalase activity were affected by heavy metal exposures. Analysis using the Spearman rank correlation coefficient showed that the CAT activity appeared to have a significant positive correlativity (Rs=0.921,Rs=0.949, andRs=0.949for Cd, Pb, and Cu, resp.) with the accumulated Cd, Pb, and Cu concentrations, respectively. The result of exposure-depuration tests showed that there is a general tendency for CAT to decrease in depuration phase, suggesting that the induction of catalase is metal and/or mixture of metals dependent.
doi:10.1155/2014/830657 fatcat:gi4shcarhfflfpaxhu453zfnfu