Localization of the disulfide bonds in the NH2-terminal domain of the cellular receptor for human urokinase-type plasminogen activator. A domain structure belonging to a novel superfamily of glycolipid-anchored membrane proteins
Journal of Biological Chemistry
The receptor for human urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPAR) is synthesized as a 313-residue-long polypeptide containing 28 cysteine residues, the pattern of which defines three homologous repeats within the protein. These entities are believed to represent a novel protein domain structure, of which the NH2-terminal domain of uPAR can be covalently cross-linked to the epidermal growth factor-like module of urokinase after receptor-ligand interaction. The NH2-terminal domain of a
... main of a recombinant, soluble uPAR derivative, labeled with [35S]cysteine, was isolated after limited proteolysis with chymotrypsin. The four disulfide bonds present within this domain were assigned by a combination of plasma desorption mass spectrometry, amino acid composition, and sequence analyses of peptides generated by trypsin, endoproteinase Asp-N, and thermolysin. The following disulfide bond structure was determined: Cys3-Cys24, Cys6-Cys12, Cys17-Cys45, and Cys71-Cys76. Similar cysteine pairing is likely to be found within other members of this protein superfamily, i.e. the membrane inhibitor of reactive lysis, Ly-6, and the remaining two domains of uPAR. However, an additional pair of cysteines present within these domains probably forms a fifth disulfide bond.