Association of Human Leukocyte Antigens Class I & II with Graves' Disease in Iranian Population

Zahra Mehraji, Ali Farazmand, Alireza Esteghamati, Sina Noshad, Maryam Sadr, Somayeh Amirzargar, Mir Yekaninejad, Aliakbar Amirzargar
2017 Iran.J.Immunol   unpublished
Graves' disease (GD), a highly rampant autoimmune disorder of the thyroid gland, is responsible for 60-80% of the clinical cases of hyperthyroidism. Over the past decades, genetic association studies have identified several GD susceptibility loci in CTLA-4, TSHR and major histocompatibility complex regions. The information on the association between the human leukocyte antigens (HLA) and GD among Iranians is scarce. Objective: To identify HLA polymorphisms that might confer susceptibility or
more » ... usceptibility or protect against GD. Methods: Eighty unrelated patients with a confirmed diagnosis of GD were included in the case group. The control group consisted of 180 unrelated healthy individuals with normal thyroid function tests. The polymerase chain reaction with sequence specific primers (PCR-SSP) method was used for HLA typing. Results: Frequencies of HLA-A*68 (15.6% vs. 4.2%, p=0.004) and B*08 (8.8% vs. 2.5, p=0.030) were significantly higher in patients with GD compared with healthy controls. No patients with GD had HLA-A*33, whereas it was found in 7.