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Sherwood J. B. Sugden
1898 The Monist  
The present volume is a continuation of the author's studies in genetic psy chology, published under the title of Mental Development in the Child and the Race, but is otherwise quite independent. Its thesis is the extent to which the principles of the development of the individual mind apply also to the evolution of society, an inquiry which deals with two main questions,-what are the principles of organisation, growth, and conduct operative in the mental life of the individual, and what
more » ... al, and what additional principles, if any, are exhibited by society in its forms of organisation, progress, and activity ? As pointed out by the author in his Introduction, there are several methods by which the inquiry could be Conducted,-the Historical or Anthropological method, the Sociological or Analytic method, and the Genetic method. Of these, the first and second examine into the progress of social development and compare the results arrived at with what is known as to the development of the individual mind. The Genetic method comprises two fields of inquiry, the psychological and the biological, of which the former deals with the phenomena of human mental activity, and the latter with the phenomena of animal life, organic and psychical. Professor Baldwin prefers the Psychogenetic method, which he explains as being an inquiry into "the psychological development of the human individual in the earlier stages of his growth for light upon his spcial nature, and also upon the social organisation in which he bears a part." His work is necessarily, therefore, based on a study of child-life, and he states that its main thought is the conception of the growth of the child's sense of personality. Valuable as is the Psychogenetic method, it is evident that it is not complete in itself, or rather that its conclusions require verification by comparison with those derived from the other methods. Undoubtedly it is "based upon observed facts and may be controlled by them," but children vary so much among themselves that it is not always safe to generalise from observation of the actions of a few. More-by guest on June 7, 2016 http://monist.oxfordjournals.org/ Downloaded from
doi:10.5840/monist18989130 fatcat:4hqn5np2ljeenawkq6rgt72f5e