Self-defence techniques and procedures, adapted for paraplegic persons independent in wheelchair, to counteract hetero-aggressive behavior

2019 Balneo Research Journal  
Introduction. Persons living in wheelchair are often target of hetero-aggressive behavior. The aggressors perceive persons in wheelchair as easy victims. Obiectives Acquisition of adapted self-defense techniques and procedures by young paraplegic persons, independed in wheelchair, to counteract some possible hetero-aggressive behavior against them. Material and methods. A young male person, former sportsman (familiarised with wrestling techniques), living with T11 AIS-A (complete) paraplegia
more » ... lete) paraplegia after a spinal cord injury and independent in wheelchair, was instructed some various taekwondo techniques and maneuvres: blocking an attack with the hand at the head region (Olgul Jireugi), hand block (Olgul Maki), hand counteratack (Momntong Jireugi), foot attack at the head region (Olgul Dollyo Chagi), hand block (Sonnal Olgul Maki), hand counterattack (Arae Jireugi). The young female who plays the role of attacker has black belt in taekwondo, therefore the maneuvres were performed in total safety, without endangering the pacient. Both protagonists of this presentation have given written consent to be photographed and filmed, for academic purpose. The paper has the approval of the Ethics Committee of "Bagdasar-Arseni" Clinical Emergency Hospital, n.o. 17464/14.06.2019. Results: We realized photographs and films depicting the aforementioned taekwondo techniques, to demonstrate some possible scenarios of aggression. Discussion Acquisition of martial art techniques and procedures by paraplegic people, independent in wheelchair, is essential and may improve their safety, participation, self-esteem and quality of life. Conclusions: Prevention, as a self defense method, is essential. The best way is to avoid conflictual situations, but ideal is to be prepared for any situation. Key words: paraplegia, spinal cord injury seqelae, taekwondo, self defense techniques, participation, quality of life,
doi:10.12680/balneo.2019.291 fatcat:amxawtrrk5gwvbsldmpkdkmfyq