Yaroslava Vasylkevych
2019 Social Work and Education  
The article deals with a theoretically determined the psychological component of the adaptation of forced migrants. Individual and group factors of social and psychological adaptation are characterized. The influence on the adaptation of subjective attitudes as an integrated personal characteristic of migrants is substantiated. The methodology of colour metaphors is developed and adapted for the diagnostics of internally displaced people (IDPs). The psychological peculiarities of the system of
more » ... s of the system of emotional attitudes of IDPs are empirically investigated. The gender specificity of the structure of the attitudes of forced migrants is determined (men have higher levels of emotional stability and self-esteem, they are more satisfied with business relations and focus on activities; women are satisfied with relationships in the informal sphere and more focused on the family). Keywords: internally displaced persons; social and psychological adaptation; emotional attitudes. Vasylkevych, Yaroslava RECENT ISSUES IN SOCIAL WORK D. Matsumoto, K. Oberg, M. Herskovitz, L. Balabanova, O. Blynova, V. Pavlenko, H. Soldatova, M. Shulha, V. Hrytsenko, and others). The studies on social and psychological work with IDPs are relevant for countries that have experienced military conflicts and faced with the need to solve negative after-effect. Theoretical frameworks of the problem of migration processes in the psychology relate to the problems of acculturation (J. Barry, S. Bochner) and the psychological adaptation of migrants to another social and cultural environment (M. Sliusarevskyi, O. Blynova, L. Orban-Lembryk); analysis of the situation of forced migration (B. Hrytsenko, H. Soldatova, I. Chenbay, M. Shulha) and methods of rehabilitation of people with post-traumatic stress (H. Lazos, N. Maksymova, T. Tytarenko). According to A. Furnham's and S. Bochner's studies, the social and psychological adaptation of temporarily displaced people has its peculiarities: such people don't worry about differences; and the behavioral skills, which they gain in another social and cultural environment, are reversible (Furnham, Bochner, 1994) . M. Sliusarevskyi and O. Blynova have analyzed individual factors that determine the peculiarities of adaptation of migrants: social and demographic characteristics (gender, age, education, legal status); personal characteristics (cognitive, motivational, communicative and emotional); life experience (knowledge of language, local customs, traditions and norms; knowledge of the employment possibility, migration experience, social support) (Slyusarevsky, Blynova, 2013). Despite the different negative factors that affect the social and psychological adaptation of the forced migrant; there are factors that positively affect its adaptation: previous adaptive experience (change of workplace, moving into a new house, etc.); education (not only a diploma, but also the level of development of abilities, skills, Balabanova, L. M. (2017). Psychological peculiarities of the reflexion of forced migrants.
doi:10.25128/2520-6230.19.2.7 fatcat:ny2kwrarlvb27mx4qcnosuzqdi