Some Aspects of Ensuring Socio-Cultural Competence of the Student in the Content of Latvian Language
Signum Temporis: Journal of Research in Pedagogy and Psychology
Introduction The more changeable social circumstances are, the more important is the responsibility of the teacher to help each student understand his/her specific identity. It is vitally important to realize and fulfil the learners' social role in the particular cultural environment. Aim of the Study To analyze a number of content aspects of the Latvian language as a subject in order to provide the socio-cultural competence of student and to indicate pedagogical tools used to improve it.
... o improve it. Materials and Methods The theoretical method -the study and analysis of scientific literature. Results The folklore and the semantic aspect of the Latvian language in the context of providing the sociocultural competence are assessed in the educational provisions, study programmes and the Latvian language educational tools. Conclusions In order to prepare teachers for higher educational establishments it is necessary to include study subjects that would allow future teachers to gain theoretical and practical experience about the traditional culture and to master the proper methodology for learning the traditional culture, working with student not only in the Latvian language studies, but also in other study subjects in the elementary school. Key words: content of Latvian study, folklore, the semantic aspect of a language, traditional culture, socio-cultural competence, identity. Unauthenticated Download Date | 7/28/18 7:44 AM 19 Journal of Research in Pedagogy and Psychology Ethnical identity and culture traditions representing this identity are not a quality awarded to the nation in a ready-made and unchanged manner. These are chosen, formed during communication activities and confirmed, recreated anew. They represent and compete with other nation identities and their symbols (Bula, 2000) . The language most widely accumulate and express the cultural identity, an ethnos' experience, as well as preserve and forward the genetic memory of the ethnos. During the Latvian language studies, a text, sentence, word can be seen not only in a grammatical but also in a cultural aspect. In order to give the student a possibility to get better acquainted with the world, where he lives, to form understanding of the fact that each ethnos has its own view of the world, its own ways, traditions which are reflected in the language, that the culture of various ethnoses has similar and different traits, that tolerant attitude should be cultivated towards otherness, the contents of basic education of the Latvian language should focus on the socio-cultural competency (Learning process: Latvian, 2004). By cultivating socio-culture competency during the Latvian language studies, the student perceives the language not only as a source for intellectual heritage of his own ethnos but also for cognition of other ethnoses' culture, ways, and traditions. Learning of ethnic and general human culture values stimulates true mutual understanding and helps overcome various ethnic prejudices. Culture should be regarded as means of selfidentification and learning of others and their identification. In the time when borders between countries, nations and nationalities is rapidly disappearing, when the world experiences the socalled hybridization process of culture merging, the role of culture traditions and language for strengthening and preserving ethnos' identity turns into the most significant aspect of students' learning and upbringing process (Konsa, 2004; Anspoka, Siliņa-Jasjukeviša, 2006). Aim of the Study To analyse some aspects of contents of the Latvian language as a study subject for development of students' socio-cultural competency and to emphasise pedagogical tools which should be used for its improvement. Materials and Methods The study analyses scientific literature, state and international regulatory enactments on formation of identity of an individual and ethnos and importance of culture acquisition during the pedagogical process. Quality of folklore texts and reflection of the semantic aspect of the language in learning means provided for the Latvian language studies during the first phase of elementary education (classes 1 -4) was studied. Acquisition of the ethnic culture creates positive circumstances for development of each individual's personality, life-long career formation and thus facilitates sustainable development of multicultural society. In the 21st century, the ethnical culture is the main precondition for attesting the identity and existence of each nation, especially the smaller one. Likewise the Latvian cultural politics emphasises the ethnical identities and principle of safeguarding the cultural heritage. Main tasks of the cultural politics for strengthening the ethnic identity and cultural values are to improve the safeguarding, protection, study and availability of Latvian cultural heritage, paying special attention to educating the society on the role of the cultural heritage for sustainable development of the state. For implementation of this process in cooperation with the Ministry of Education and Science during the general education process, development and implementation of an educational program on cultural heritage is supported (State Guidelines for Cultural Politics for years  37). Unauthenticated Download Date | 7/28/18 7:44 AM