Estimation of mean movement rates for blue sharks in the northwestern Pacific Ocean

Mikihiko Kai, Yuki Fujinami
2020 Animal Biotelemetry  
Background The blue shark Prionace glauca is a highly migratory species with a circumglobal distribution. Mean movement rate, defined by the horizontal tracking distance between two data points over the duration of time, is commonly used to understand the horizontal displacement of highly migratory species across a wide range. However, the estimation of mean movement rates for blue sharks has never been conducted using a statistical model. We therefore investigated the mean movement rates using
more » ... ovement rates using a generalized linear mixed model with data from satellite tags to estimate the range of mean movement rates for 10 blue sharks in the northwestern Pacific Ocean and to reveal the interaction of mean movement rate with several factors. Results (1) Estimations of mean movement rates for the 10 blue sharks were significantly influenced by behavioral differences among individuals; (2) uncertainty in the estimation (i.e., predictive and confidence intervals) of mean movement rates for these blue sharks was larger over shorter time periods, and (3) the predictive intervals of mean movement rates for the sharks ranged widely from 0.33 to 5.02 km/h. Conclusion Blue sharks are considered to opportunistically change their mean movement rates regardless of differences in sex, movement direction, or season.
doi:10.1186/s40317-020-00223-x fatcat:iwosghtogbftdchmgfekl77mbm