On the expected number of perfect matchings in cubic planar graphs [article]

Marc Noy, Clément Requilé, Juanjo Rué
2021 arXiv   pre-print
A well-known conjecture by Lovász and Plummer from the 1970s asserted that a bridgeless cubic graph has exponentially many perfect matchings. It was solved in the affirmative by Esperet et al. (Adv. Math. 2011). On the other hand, Chudnovsky and Seymour (Combinatorica 2012) proved the conjecture in the special case of cubic planar graphs. In our work we consider random bridgeless cubic planar graphs with the uniform distribution on graphs with n vertices. Under this model we show that the
more » ... ed number of perfect matchings in labeled bridgeless cubic planar graphs is asymptotically cγ^n, where c>0 and γ∼ 1.14196 is an explicit algebraic number. We also compute the expected number of perfect matchings in (non necessarily bridgeless) cubic planar graphs and provide lower bounds for unlabeled graphs. Our starting point is a correspondence between counting perfect matchings in rooted cubic planar maps and the partition function of the Ising model in rooted triangulations.
arXiv:2005.13821v2 fatcat:vrqwkhpdnver7hhzzizl63pho4