Inferring effective field observables from a discrete model

Cédric Bény
2017 New Journal of Physics  
A spin system on a lattice can usually be modelled at large scales by an effective quantum field theory. A key mathematical result relating the two descriptions is the quantum central limit theorem, which shows that certain spin observables satisfy an algebra of bosonic fields under certain conditions. Here, we show that these particular observables and conditions are the relevant ones for an observer with certain limited abilities to resolve spatial locations as well as spin values. This is
more » ... values. This is shown by computing the asymptotic behaviour of a quantum Fisher information metric as function of the resolution parameters. The relevant observables characterise the state perturbations whose distinguishability does not decay too fast as a function of spatial or spin resolution.
doi:10.1088/1367-2630/19/1/013013 fatcat:vc42awrdmfa3lg35stmqygsanm