The origins of life and the mechanisms of biological evolution

Francisco Carrapiço, Richard B. Hoover, Gilbert V. Levin, Alexei Y. Rozanov
2006 Instruments, Methods, and Missions for Astrobiology IX  
Evolution is usually taught as the result of mutations and genetic recombinations combined with natural selection, but most living forms have symbiotic relationships with microorganisms, and in this sense symbiogenesis seems to play a very important role in the origin and life evolution. Symbiosis is an important support for the acquisition of new genomes and new metabolic capacities, which drives living forms' evolution. In this sense, the evolutionary changes can be explained by an integrated
more » ... cooperation between organisms, in which symbiosis acts, not as an exception, but rather as the rule in nature. Beginning with the eukaryotic cell formation, symbiogenesis appears to be the main evolutionary mechanism in the establishment and maintenance of biomes, as well as the foundation of biodiversity, based on rather suddenly evolutionary novelty, which challenges the Darwinian gradualism. These principles can be applied to the life on Earth and beyond.
doi:10.1117/12.681946 fatcat:37ypghlfkbaetlfxpwwsm4cxue