A new role for CsrA: promotion of complex formation between an sRNA and its mRNA target in Bacillus subtilis

Peter Müller, Matthias Gimpel, Theresa Wildenhain, Sabine Brantl
2019 Figshare  
CsrA is a widely conserved, abundant small RNA binding protein that has been found in E. coli and other Gram-negative bacteria where it is involved in the regulation of carbon metabolism, biofilm formation and virulence. CsrA binds to single-stranded GGA motifs around the SD sequence of target mRNAs where it inhibits or activates translation or influences RNA processing. Small RNAs like CsrB or CsrC containing 13–22 GGA motifs can sequester CsrA, thereby abrogating the effect of CsrA on its
more » ... of CsrA on its target mRNAs. In B. subtilis, CsrA has so far only been found to regulate one target, hag mRNA and to be sequestered by a protein (FliW) and not by an sRNA. Here, we employ a combination of in vitro and in vivo methods to investigate the effect of CsrA on the small regulatory RNA SR1 from B. subtilis, its primary target ahrC mRNA and its downstream targets, the rocABC and rocDEF operons. We demonstrate that CsrA can promote the base-pairing interactions between SR1 and ahrC mRNA, a function that has so far only been found for Hfq or ProQ. Abbreviations: aa, amino acid; bp, basepair; nt, nucleotide; PAA, polyacrylamide; SD, Shine Dalgarno.
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.8067371.v1 fatcat:xmxf2phkyrbl3ayategvs4aspu