The incidence and productive significance of ovine toxoplasmosis in Southern Brazil

Fernando Caetano de Oliveira, Plínio Aguiar de Oliveira, Nilton Azevedo da Cunha Filho, Cintia Lidiane Guidotti Aguiar, Felipe Geraldo Pappen, Jeronimo Lopes Ruas, Nara Amélia da Rosa Farias
2016 Ciência Rural  
ABSTRACT: This research aimed to determine incidence of Toxoplama gondii infection in Corriedale sheep in southern Brazil during pregnancy and the extent of associated losses. Blood samples were collected from 411 Corriedale sheep in two flocks at different locations in the state of Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil). Presence of T. gondii was diagnosed by the Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Technique (IFAT). Seroprevalence of T. gondii during pre-mating was 20.2%, with no significant difference between
more » ... difference between the two flocks studied. Infection by T. gondii was influenced by ewes'age (P≤0.05). The pre-mating seroprevalence did not influence either returning to estrus or pregnancy rates. Weaning rate was significantly higher in pre-positive dams compared to negative ones (87.9 and 74.1%, respectively - P<0.05). The incidence of seroconversion was 16.5% (54/328). In seroconverted ewes, a high rate of return to estrus was observed (P≤0.05). The incidence of toxoplasmosis suggests production losses equivalent to 1.87% per year, in this system production. In addition, toxoplasmosis decreased the number of lambs per ewe. Therefore, to improve livestock performance, T. gondii infection should be monitored and controlled in the studied area.
doi:10.1590/0103-8478cr20151500 fatcat:3uu3yo6rbbfgfccnm6ol6j2hdu