Differential Roles for Cholecystokinin A Receptors in Energy Balance in Rats and Mice

Sheng Bi, Karen A. Scott, Alan S. Kopin, Timothy H. Moran
2004 Endocrinology  
Although cholecystokinin (CCK)-A receptors (CCK-AR) mediate the feeding inhibitory actions of CCK in both rats and mice, the absence of CCK-AR results in species specific phenotypes. The lack of CCK-AR in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats results in hyperphagia and obesity. We have suggested that demonstrated increases in meal size and elevated levels of dorsomedial hypothalamic (DMH) neuropeptide Y (NPY) gene expression may contribute to this phenotype. In contrast to OLETF rats,
more » ... CK-AR -/mice have normal total daily food intake and do not develop obesity. To assess the basis underlying the different phenotypes in rats and mice lacking CCK-AR, we characterized meal patterns in CCK-AR -/mice and determined whether CCK-AR -/mice exhibited an alteration in DMH NPY gene expression. We demonstrate that although CCK-AR -/mice show a similar dysregulation in meal size as OLETF rats, they do not have an elevation in DMH NPY mRNA expression levels. In fact, intact mice have no CCK-AR in the DMH. Furthermore, in intact rats NPY and CCK-AR are co-localized in DMH neurons, and parenchymal injection of CCK into the DMH reduces food intake and down-regulates DMH NPY mRNA expression. These results suggest that although CCK-AR plays a role in the mediation of CCK actions in the control of meal size in both rats and mice, CCK-AR seems to contribute to modulating DMH NPY levels only in rats. The deficit in CCK's action in the control of DMH NPY gene expression may play a major role in the obese phenotype in OLETF rats.
doi:10.1210/en.2004-0284 pmid:15123537 fatcat:oe6juohtbbb25ihbq3byordfxu