Effects of land use/land cover and climate changes on surface runoff in a semi-humid and semi-arid transition zone in northwest China

Jing Yin, Fan He, Yu Jiu Xiong, Guo Yu Qiu
2017 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences  
<p><strong>Abstract.</strong> Water resources, which are considerably affected by land use/land cover (LULC) and climate changes, are a key limiting factor in highly vulnerable ecosystems in arid and semi-arid regions. The impacts of LULC and climate changes on water resources must be assessed in these areas. However, conflicting results regarding the effects of LULC and climate changes on runoff have been reported in relatively large basins, such as the Jinghe River basin (JRB), which is a
more » ... RB), which is a typical catchment (&amp;gt;<span class="thinspace"></span>45<span class="thinspace"></span>000<span class="thinspace"></span>km<sup>2</sup>) located in a semi-humid and arid transition zone on the central Loess Plateau, northwest China. In this study, we focused on quantifying both the combined and isolated impacts of LULC and climate changes on surface runoff. We hypothesized that under climatic warming and drying conditions, LULC changes, which are primarily caused by intensive human activities such as the Grain for Green Program, will considerably alter runoff in the JRB. The Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) was adopted to perform simulations. The simulated results indicated that although runoff increased very little between the 1970s and the 2000s due to the combined effects of LULC and climate changes, LULC and climate changes affected surface runoff differently in each decade, e.g., runoff increased with increased precipitation between the 1970s and the 1980s (precipitation contributed to 88<span class="thinspace"></span>% of the runoff increase). Thereafter, runoff decreased and was increasingly influenced by LULC changes, which contributed to 44<span class="thinspace"></span>% of the runoff changes between the 1980s and 1990s and 71<span class="thinspace"></span>% of the runoff changes between the 1990s and 2000s. Our findings revealed that large-scale LULC under the Grain for Green Program has had an important effect on the hydrological cycle since the late 1990s. Additionally, the conflicting findings regarding the effects of LULC and climate changes on runoff in relatively large basins are likely caused by uncertainties in hydrological simulations.</p>
doi:10.5194/hess-21-183-2017 fatcat:zwspv2pp7ve2pbmrgc3ygiaz3y