Strain Difference of Mouse in Susceptibility to Japanese Encephalitis Virus Infection

Katsuhiro MIURA, Nobuo GOTO, Hiroshi SUZUKI, Yujiro FUJISAKI
1988 Experimental animals  
Eight strains of mice were examined for their susceptibilities to intraperitoneal infection with AS-6 strain of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV). 1) C3H/He mice suffered from a high mortality as well as infection rate. 2) C57BL/6, RR, NC and KK mice showed approximately the same infection rates as C3H/He, while these strains showed significantly lower mortalities than C3H/He. 3) AA, BALB/c and ddY mice showed no death and had the lowest infection rates among the eight strains. There was no
more » ... s. There was no difference in the virus recovery from six visceral organs (except the brain) between C3H/He, C57BL/6 and AA. Despite the equal degree of preceding viremia, the incidence of encephalitis was much lower in C57BL/6 than in C3H/He. The same strain difference as the above was also observed in C3H/He and C57BL/6 by intravenous inoculation with JEV. However, there was no difference in mortality between C3H/He and C57BL/6 mice when intracerebrally inoculated with JEV. The incubation period and survival time in the intracerebral inoculation were shorter than in the intraperitoneal and intravenous inoculations. The three types of strains were characterized: the first (C3H/He) was highly susceptible to both visceral phase infection (VI) and nervous phase infection (NI); the second (C57BL/6) was susceptible to VI but resistant to NI, and the third (AA) was probably resistant to VI and highly resistant to NI.
doi:10.1538/expanim1978.37.4_365 fatcat:qkiddvqnsja2fj4moome6diqi4