Seismic detection of sonic booms

Joseph E. Cates, Bradford Sturtevant
2002 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
The pressure signals from a sonic boom will produce a small, but detectable, ground motion. The extensive seismic network in southern California, consisting of over 200 sites covering over 50 000 square kilometers, is used to map primary and secondary sonic boom carpets. Data from the network is used to analyze three supersonic overflights in the western United States. The results are compared to ray-tracing computations using a realistic model of the stratified atmospheric at the time of the
more » ... t the time of the measurements. The results show sonic boom ground exposure under the real atmosphere is much larger than previously expected or predicted by ray tracing alone. Finally, seismic observations are used to draw some inferences on the origin of a set of "mystery booms " recorded in 1992-1993 in southern California.
doi:10.1121/1.1413754 pmid:11837967 fatcat:ycde7bsx7zbu3kejzt2pmkaobq