Transcriptome Profile of Hippocampus in Rats Model of Acute Myocardial Ischemia in Response to Electroacupuncture
Background: Electroacupuncture (EA) alleviates acute myocardial ischemia (AMI) by regulating some brain areas, including hippocampus. The locus coeruleus (LC) is the main source of norepinephrine (NE) in the brain, including the hippocampus, and regulates cardiovascular function. The aim of the present work was to assess whether LC mediates the positive effects of EA in AMI by altering gene expression levels in the hippocampus. We addressed this in the present study by hippocampus transcriptome
... ampus transcriptome profiling in a rat model of AMI following EA treatment. Results: Myocardial injury markers (ischemia-modified albumin, homocysteine and lipoprotein- associated phospholipase A2) in the serum were downregulated in EA (P<0.05) compared to the M group and upregulated in E+L group (P<0.05) compared to E group. RNA sequencing analysis of the hippocampus revealed that the downregulation of 27 genes in M vs S as well as upregulation of 40 genes in M vs S were reversed by EA. These differentially expressed genes, which were validated by quantitative real-time PCR, were enriched in 20 Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathways related to glycerolipid, glycerophospholipid, and arachidonic acid metabolism as well asnervous system function (glutamatergic, cholinergic, serotonergic, GABAergic synapses). Conclusions: LC mediates the beneficial effects of EA on AMI-induced injury may be related to the observed transcriptional regulations in the hippocampus. These results provide molecular-level evidence for the therapeutic efficacy of EA in the treatment of AMI.