Colonic production and expression of IL-4, IL-6, and IL-10 in neonatal suckling rats after LPS challenge

Jodi K. Adams, Barry L. Tepperman
2001 American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology  
Colonic production and expression of IL-4, IL-6, and IL-10 in neonatal suckling rats after LPS challenge. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 280: G755-G762, 2001.-It has been demonstrated that the neonatal suckling rat is more susceptible to endotoxin [lipopolysaccharide (LPS)]-induced colonic damage compared with weaned littermates. There is evidence to suggest that differences in the production of certain cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-4, IL-6, and IL-10, are associated with
more » ... sociated with intestinal inflammation in children. We have examined the production, localization, and mRNA detection of these cytokines in suckling and weaned rat colons after bacterial LPS challenge. Suckling (10 day old) and weaned (25 day old) rats were injected with LPS (3 mg/kg ip). Colon samples were taken up to 4 h after treatment, and cytokines were measured by ELISA. LPS-induced cytokine levels were significantly different in suckling rats compared with weaned rats. Cytokine localization to the colonic mucosa was evident in suckling rats up to 4 h after LPS administration but was not consistently seen in weaned rats. The mRNA for cytokines examined were detected by RT-PCR in suckling but not in weaned rat colons after LPS treatment. Induction of neutropenia via anti-neutrophil serum (ANS) administration did not affect cytokine mRNA detection in neonates after LPS treatment. Weaned animals displayed positive detection of all cytokines examined after ANS. Therefore, we have shown that the suckling rat displays a different production and expression of colonic IL-4, IL-6, and IL-10 compared with weaned littermates after LPS challenge. Furthermore, neutrophils may be implicated in colonic cytokine expression after LPS challenge in rats. intestinal mucosa; neonate; inflammation; lipopolysaccharide; interleukin-4; interleukin-6; interleukin-10
doi:10.1152/ajpgi.2001.280.4.g755 pmid:11254503 fatcat:n2tv3ioedjg2th2mabfpevgqva