The horse and the hound : their various uses and treatment, including practical illustrations in horsemanship and a treatise on horse-dealing / by Nimrod [i.e. C.J. Apperley]
The Horse is a distinct genus, belonging to the order of Belluw^or large beasts, and in himself the most serviceable of all quadruped animals, as well as the swiftest of those brouo^ht under the dominion of man. Notwithstanding these high qualifications, ancient history informs us, that, in the primitive ages of the world, the ass was used in With the exception of the Wellesley Arabian, said to have been bred in Persia, (but the assertion is unaccompanied by proof,) who measured fifteen hands
... red fifteen hands two inches high, all the rest that have been imported have been little better than Galloways, which must be attributed to two causes ; first, the want of beingforced, as our own horses are, in their colthood, by high keep ; and secondly, by adhering too closely to the indigenous breed, or that whose blood is un-THE RACE-HORSE. Eclipse blood ; and to the Wellesley Arabian, believed to be a Persian horse, to the only real advantage gained to English race-horses, by a foreign cross, in later years. It must, however, be observed, that the most famous horses of the last century, such as Childers, Old Crab, Eclipse, and King Herod, did not appear on the Turf before they were five years old ; which leads us to suppose, that the failure of horses subsequently bred, as they themselves were bred, from Oriental blood, and trained at an early age, may, in great part, be attributed to the fact, of the immediate produce of such horses requiring more time to come to maturity, or even to a certain degree of maturity, than those, like our present breed of race-horses, farther removed from such blood ; and the cause may be attributed to climate. It is reasonable to suppose, that the produce of stallions and mares bred in the Torrid Zone, would come slower to perfection in a damper and colder country than it would have done in its own ; and we may infer from this, that, in proportion as horses were brought earlier to the post, and races shortened in distance, Eastern blood got into disrepute. As to the comparative speed of Arabian and English race-horses, England is not the arena on which it can be fairly decided, inasmuch as the total chano^e of food, svstem, and climate, must operate more powerfully on the Arab brought to Eualand after a certain as^e, than on the English horse, taken to India under similar circumstances, for reasons too obvious to require to be mentioned. THE RACE-HORSE. site cross, pure blood, with evident improvement upon the original stock, was procured on the eighth descent. The late Lord Orford, very celebrated for his greyhounds, finding them degenerating in courage, crossed his best bitches with a bull-dog. The result was, after several re -crossings with pure blood, that breed of greyhounds for w^hich he was so eminently distinguished. The immediate descendants, however, of the Eastern horses, have, almost without an exception, proved so deficient of late years, that our breeders will no more have recourse to them, than the farmer would to the natural oat, which is little better than a weed, to produce a sample that should rival that of his neighbours, in the market."'