Effects of precipitation on soil respiration and its temperature/moisture sensitivity in three subtropical forests in Southern China
Both long-term observation data and model simulations suggest an increasing chance of serious drought in the dry season and extreme flood in the wet season in Southern China, yet little is known about how changes in precipitation pattern will affect soil respiration in the region. We conducted a field experiment to study the responses of soil 5 respiration to precipitation manipulations -precipitation exclusion to mimic drought, double precipitation to simulate flood, and ambient precipitation
... ient precipitation (Abbr. EP, DP and AP, respectively) -in three subtropical forests in Southern China. The three forests include Masson pine forest (PF), coniferous and broadleaved mixed forest (MF) and monsoon evergreen broadleaved forest (BF). Our observations showed that altered precipitation 10 can strongly influence soil respiration, not only through the well-known direct effects of soil moisture, but also by modification on both moisture and temperature sensitivity of soil respiration. In the dry season, soil respiration and its temperature sensitivity in the three forests showed rising trends with precipitation increase, and its moisture sensitivity showed an opposite trend. In the wet season, the EP treatment also decreased 15 soil respiration and its temperature sensitivity, and enhanced moisture sensitivity in all three forests. Soil respiration under the DP treatment increased significantly in the PF only, and no significant change was found for either moisture or temperature sensitivity. However, the DP treatment in the MF and BF reduced temperature sensitivity significantly. Our results indicated that soil respiration would decrease in the three sub-20 tropical forests if soil moisture continues to decrease in the future. More rainfall in the wet season could have limited effect on the response of soil respiration to the rising of temperature in the BF and MF.