KASHEVAROVA-RUDNEVA Varvara Alexandrovna - Russia's first woman doctor and a doctor of medicine (to the 175th of birthday)

Alexander Alekseevich Andreev, Anton Petrovich Ostroushko
2017 Vestnik of Experimental and Clinical Surgery  
Kashevarova-Rudneva Varvara Alexandrovna (1842-1899) – Russian scientist, the first woman to receive the title of doctor and doctor of medicine, accepted by the Society of Russian doctors in St. Petersburg. Rudneva-Kashevarova Varvara Alexandrovna was born in 1842 in Vitebsk. In 1862, she finished training at the Midwifery Institute in St. Petersburg educational house, and then courses on detection and treatment of syphilis in Kalinkinskogo hospital in St. Petersburg. In 1863, she enrolled at
more » ... e St. Petersburg medical-surgical Academy, becoming the first student-woman to have officially crossed the threshold of the Medico-surgical Academy in St. Petersburg, which she graduated in 1868 with the attribution of a diploma of "doctor" in the specialty of obstetrician-gynecologist, became the first woman to receive a medical degree in Russia. In 1876 she defended her doctoral dissertation on "Materials for pathological anatomy of the uterine vagina", i.e. she became the first woman in Russia to defend her thesis. She was the first woman accepted into the Society of Russian doctors in St. Petersburg. Together with her second husband, Professor Rudnev, Kashevarova was one of the originators of the Russian Oncology. She died on January 30, 1899, in the 58th year of life and are buried in the cemetery of the Staro-Preobrazhensky monastery in Staraya Russa. Major works: "a Chronic inflammation of the decidua membrane of the uterus" (Medical Gazette, 1868; "About free abdominal bodies" (virkhov's Archive, vol. 47); "the doctrine of placental polyps" (Journal for normal and pathological anatomy, 1873); Materials for pathological anatomy of the uterine vagina (1876); "Hygiene of the female body in all phases of life" (1892); the story "Pioneer" and "The history of women's medical education" (autobiography, "news", 1886); "Village notes" ("news", 1888 and others).
doi:10.18499/2070-478x-2017-10-3-255 fatcat:gq4kij7cdzgw7pl7pevdw5fucm