Toxic alveolitis after inhalation of a water repellent

Guido Epping, Joop Baarlen, Paul Valk
2011 International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health  
AbstractInhalation of fluorocarbon polymers can cause pulmonary toxicity. Although multiple cases of lung injury have been reported, cellular characterization of the associated alveolitis occurring acutely after inhalation is limited. We report the case of apreviously healthy woman who presented at our Emergency Department with an acute pneumonitis following inhalation of afluorocarbon polymer-based rain-proofing spray. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) performed shortly after the presentation
more » ... presentation showed an elevated total cell count, with ahigh proportion of neutrophils (58%) and eosinophils (9%). Inaddition, alipid stain (Oil-Red-O-stain) showed ahigh level of lipid laden macrophages, amarker that could reflect adirect toxic effect of the spray on alveolar cells. The patient made afull recovery after four days of in-hospital observation with supportive care.
doi:10.2478/s13382-011-0038-7 pmid:22002324 fatcat:5ddog6evwjg6bg2jhd34tt5wiy