Prediction of hydrogen sulfide emission from an energy dissipation chamber and assessment of its distribution in the ambient air

Anna Telyatnikova, Sviatoslav Fedorov, Iurii Stolbikhin, Elena Korneeva, E. Vdovin, N. Vatin, P. Zunino
2019 E3S Web of Conferences  
Wastewater transport in sewer networks contributes to the formation and emission of fetid and toxic sewage gases into the environment, one of which is hydrogen sulfide. The emission of gases can have a significant impact on the environment and health of maintenance workers and city residents. The object of the research is the study of the process of hydrogen sulfide emission in the energy dissipation chamber (EDC). The method of two-stage mathematical modeling in the program of finite element
more » ... of finite element analysis ANSYS CFX is applied for the research. Two models have been created, the first one simulates the internal space of the EDC structure itself, and the second one simulates the EDC manhole and the volume of the surrounding air next to it. Mathematical dependences of hydrogen sulfide concentration change at three sections inside the structure are obtained for incoming wastewater flow velocities V = 1 m/s, 1.5 m/s and 2 m/s. The critical flow velocities at which the maximum single threshold limit value will exceed 1 m/s and the threshold limit value of the working area will exceed 1.52 m/s are determined. The methodology for solving the problem of assessing the impact of the EDC object on the environment is formed. The results of the study can be applied in the design of structures for a preliminary assessment and prediction of the impact of a wastewater facility, as well as the selection of the most favorable hydraulic regime.
doi:10.1051/e3sconf/201914006001 fatcat:bhowwkacvjeydgdu3q5awvr3k4