Aktualna terapia niewydolności serca: dane z rejestru COMMIT-HF
A b s t r a c t Background and aim: Heart failure (HF) has become a global health problem and is a significant burden for health-care systems worldwide. It is reported as the reason for 1-4% of all hospital admissions in developed countries. The prognosis in HF remains unfavourable. Having at our disposal a large group of patients with systolic HF at a high-volume reference cardiovascular centre with the possibility to implement complete diagnostics and therapy we decided to analyse the
... analyse the clinical data, administered therapies, and prognosis in HF patients. Methods: The COMMIT-HF is a single-centre observational study that is underway in the Third Chair and Department of Cardiology of the Silesian Centre for Heart Diseases in Zabrze. The study population is a cohort of adult HF patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤ 35%. Patients with acute coronary syndromes are excluded from the analysis. Complete patient demographics: medical history, hospitalisation data (diagnostic and therapeutic), and in-hospital results are collected. Twelve-month follow-up is based on the information acquired from the national health-care provider. Results: As of 31 December 2013 a group of 1798 patients have been enrolled (mean age 60.9 ± 12.8 years, 20.3% of subjects female, mean LVEF 26.06 ± 6.09, ischaemic aetiology 64.5%, atrial fibrillation 33.2%, diabetes mellitus 41.2%, chronic kidney disease stage ≥ III 29%). A significant proportion of patients underwent invasive procedures (ICD/CRT-D implantation 61.1%, coronary angiography 56.2%, PCI 19.6%, CABG 5.1%, heart transplantation qualification 5.5%, IABP 2.5%). All-cause 12-month morality was 12.5%. HF-related rehospitalisation rate was 28.9%. Conclusions: The COMMIT-HF study will provide valuable information on the HF patient population. Initial analyses show that in this difficult patient population satisfactory long-term results can be achieved.