Memantine for prophylaxis of episodic migraine: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Migraine is a common debilitating primary headache. Memantine is a non-competitive Nmethyl D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonist that lowers neuronal excitability that could prevent migraine attacks. Objectives This study aimed to determine the efficacy and safety of memantine in patients experiencing episodic migraine attacks using a systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Scopus, Cochrane, LILACS, ClinicalTrials.gov, HERDIN and Google Scholar for relevant studies.
... relevant studies. Prespecified screening and eligibility criteria for inclusion were applied. Included studies underwent methodological quality assessment. Study design, patient characteristics, interventions given, and relevant outcomes were extracted and synthesized. Results This review included five relevant articles -2 randomized controlled trials (RCT) and 3 observational studies (1 retrospective case-series, 2 prospective non-randomized open-label single arm trials). There were 109 patients included in the RCTs and 197 patients reported in the observational studies. Pooled data from the 2 RCTs showed that Memantine at 10mg/day decreased the monthly migraine days at 12 weeks compared to placebo with a mean difference of -1.58 [95% confidence interval (CI) -1.84, -1.32]. Observational studies also showed a decrease in migraine days per month with Memantine (5-20mg/day) after 12 weeks [95% CI]: -9.1 [-11, -7.23], -7.2 [-8.85, -5.55], and -4.9 [-6.29, -3.51]. There were no statistically significant adverse drug events (ADE) noted in patients treated with Memantine compared to placebo. Conclusion Memantine may be effective and well-tolerated as prophylaxis for episodic migraine.