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In this study large scale hydraulic experiments of tsunami waves impacting a straight composite I-girder bridge were conducted in the LWF at Oregon State University. Both solitary waves and turbulent bores were tested and the experimental results revealed the existence of 4 different phases in the vertical force histories, among which is (i) a phase with a large applied moment and bridge rotation at the time of the first impact of the tsunami bore on the bridge, and (ii) a phase with adoi:10.9753/icce.v35.structures.30 fatcat:uqo5x7b6bvb6xf5dravudpwysq