Euglycemic Diabetic Ketoacidosis Precipitated by SGLT-2 Inhibitor Use, Pericarditis, and Fasting: A Case Report

Rebecca Mendelsohn, Anabelle Taveras, Benjamin Mazer, Lisa Clayton
2020 Clinical Practice and Cases in Emergency Medicine  
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a potentially life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus. Less prevalent is euglycemic DKA (eDKA)—DKA with serum glucose less than 200 mg/dL; however, it is increasing in frequency with the introduction of sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors for treatment of type 2 diabetes. Case Report: We report a case of SGLT-2 inhibitor-associated eDKA presenting with concurrent acute pericarditis. Discussion: Our case suggests that the cause of eDKA can
more » ... be multifactorial when decreased oral intake occurs in the setting of an acute cause of physiologic stress. Conclusion: Prompt recognition of eDKA in the emergency department may allow earlier diagnosis and treatment directed at one or more of its underlying causes.
doi:10.5811/cpcem.2020.4.46056 pmid:32926693 fatcat:7r5rxunemfbuhibvyix2e47nw4