What Do Leaders Know?

Giacomo Livan, Matteo Marsili
2013 Entropy  
The ability of a society to make the right decisions on relevant matters relies on its capability to properly aggregate the noisy information spread across the individuals it is made of. In this paper we study the information aggregation performance of a stylized model of a society whose most influential individuals - the leaders - are highly connected among themselves and uninformed. Agents update their state of knowledge in a Bayesian manner by listening to their neighbors. We find analytical
more » ... We find analytical and numerical evidence of a transition, as a function of the noise level in the information initially available to agents, from a regime where information is correctly aggregated to one where the population reaches consensus on the wrong outcome with finite probability. Furthermore, information aggregation depends in a non-trivial manner on the relative size of the clique of leaders, with the limit of a vanishingly small clique being singular.
doi:10.3390/e15083031 fatcat:acl2ztmt5ndrfjmyd3bpdldazq