Narrative review of sleep and pulmonary hypertension

Bacon Jenny Louise, Fleming Carys, Marino Philip
2020 Journal of Thoracic Disease  
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a condition of raised pulmonary artery pressure (PAP), which may be secondary to a number of causes, one of which is sleep disordered breathing (SDB). When PH complicates SDB, it carries a significant burden of morbidity and mortality due to the risk of progression to right ventricular failure over time. This narrative review will cover the definition and classification of PH, and explore the epidemiology of PH in SDB. The mechanisms by which the two conditions
more » ... e two conditions are linked will be reviewed. Repetitive hypoxia with or without hypercapnia alongside frequent arousals can result in important metabolic and pulmonary vascular consequences for the left and right heart. MEDLINE was used to search for all relevant articles and abstracts published from January 1960 to October 2019 inclusive (in all languages). Current best practice in the investigation and management of PH complicating SDB will be reviewed. Important diagnostic investigations and when to consider and screen further for PH in patients with SDB will be discussed. Optimal disease management must include control of SDB with therapy. Additional treatment options will be reviewed. Areas for further research will be highlighted.
doi:10.21037/jtd-cus-2020-004 fatcat:ksn2ftsvnrgrjiwfqg64iln7ay