Comparative Genetic Diversity Analysis for Biomass Allocation and Drought Tolerance in Wheat

Kwame W. Shamuyarira, Hussein Shimelis, Isack Mathew, Admire Shayanowako, Rebecca Zengeni, Vincent Chaplot
2022 Agronomy  
Genetic diversity is invaluable in developing climate-smart and drought-adapted wheat varieties. The aim of this study was to determine the extent of genetic variation present in wheat germplasm collections for biomass allocation and drought tolerance based on complementary phenotypic and root attributes and high-density single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers to select breeding parents. A total of 97 bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes were evaluated in field and greenhouse
more » ... under drought-stressed and non-stressed conditions. The molecular variance analysis showed that the intrapopulation variance was very high at 99%, with a small minimal inter-population variance (1%). The genetic distance, polymorphic information content and expected heterozygosity were 0.20–0.88, 0.24–1.00 and 0.29–0.58, respectively. The cluster analysis based on SNP data showed that 44% and 28% of the assessed genotypes maintained their genetic groups when compared to hierarchical clusters under drought-stressed and non-stressed phenotypic data, respectively. The joint analysis using genotypic and phenotypic data resolved three heterotic groups and allowed the selection of genotypes BW140, BW152, BW157, BW162, LM30, LM47, LM48, LM52, LM54 and LM70. The selected genotypes were the most genetically divergent with high root biomass and grain yield and are recommended for production or breeding.
doi:10.3390/agronomy12061457 fatcat:sb7ee3hjhreahimc4txgjtqg74