EPID-07. A GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE ON THE BURDEN OF PEDIATRIC CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM TUMORS
Although approximately 90% of pediatric cancer cases exist in low- and middle-income countries, the magnitude of the global burden of pediatric central nervous system (CNS) tumors remains poorly quantified. METHODS: Data from International Incidence of Childhood Cancer-3 and CONCORD-3, which include observed incidence and survival from population-based cancer registries (PBCR), and from GLOBOCAN 2018 and Global Burden of Disease 2016, which produce burden estimates from observed and modelled
... ved and modelled data, were used to analyze epidemiologic characteristics and correlations for CNS tumors globally. Data from The World Bank were used for national macroeconomic variables. RESULTS: The majority of countries are not covered by PBCR, with information on incidence and survival available for 37% and 27% of countries, respectively. Survival data is not available for any low-income country. The incidence of CNS tumors varies markedly, from 0.4 to 49 x106 person-years, the greatest variability in pediatric cancer subgroups. Modelled data suggests that approximately 40,000 incident cases and 19,000 deaths occur from CNS tumors worldwide. When country-level data are segregated based on World Bank groups, a difference in incidence and survival exists (p<0.05). A higher national health expenditure correlates with both an increased incidence and survival of CNS tumors, while the inverse is true for under-5 mortality (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Scarce facts are available, but this analysis establishes a link between national income and epidemiologic parameters for CNS tumors. In this context, carefully designed initiatives, focusing on a health-systems approach are critical to meet the global challenge of pediatric CNS tumors.