Daniel Moreira, Ibrahim Qaddoumi, Nickhill Bhakta, Amar Gajjar, Carlos Rodriguez-Galindo
2020 Neuro-Oncology  
Although approximately 90% of pediatric cancer cases exist in low- and middle-income countries, the magnitude of the global burden of pediatric central nervous system (CNS) tumors remains poorly quantified. METHODS: Data from International Incidence of Childhood Cancer-3 and CONCORD-3, which include observed incidence and survival from population-based cancer registries (PBCR), and from GLOBOCAN 2018 and Global Burden of Disease 2016, which produce burden estimates from observed and modelled
more » ... ved and modelled data, were used to analyze epidemiologic characteristics and correlations for CNS tumors globally. Data from The World Bank were used for national macroeconomic variables. RESULTS: The majority of countries are not covered by PBCR, with information on incidence and survival available for 37% and 27% of countries, respectively. Survival data is not available for any low-income country. The incidence of CNS tumors varies markedly, from 0.4 to 49 x106 person-years, the greatest variability in pediatric cancer subgroups. Modelled data suggests that approximately 40,000 incident cases and 19,000 deaths occur from CNS tumors worldwide. When country-level data are segregated based on World Bank groups, a difference in incidence and survival exists (p<0.05). A higher national health expenditure correlates with both an increased incidence and survival of CNS tumors, while the inverse is true for under-5 mortality (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Scarce facts are available, but this analysis establishes a link between national income and epidemiologic parameters for CNS tumors. In this context, carefully designed initiatives, focusing on a health-systems approach are critical to meet the global challenge of pediatric CNS tumors.
doi:10.1093/neuonc/noaa222.193 fatcat:fiexgv76zbet3fti6ag3ywzupy