Negative Magnus lift on a rotating sphere at around the critical Reynolds number
Physics of Fluids
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... s and scaling properties of temperature field in symmetrical non-Oberbeck-Boussinesq turbulent convection Phys. Fluids 24, 045102 (2012) Additional information on Phys. Fluids Negative Magnus lift acting on a sphere rotating about the axis perpendicular to an incoming flow was investigated using large-eddy simulation at three Reynolds numbers of 1.0 Â 10 4 , 2.0 Â 10 5 , and 1.14 Â 10 6 . The numerical methods used were first validated on a non-rotating sphere, and the spatial resolution around the sphere was determined so as to reproduce the laminar separation, reattachment, and turbulent transition of the boundary layer observed in the vicinity of the critical Reynolds number. The rotating sphere exhibited a positive or negative Magnus effect depending on the Reynolds number and the imposed rotating speed. At Reynolds numbers in the subcritical or supercritical regimes, the direction of the Magnus lift force was independent of the rotational speed. In contrast, the lift force was negative in the critical regime when particular rotating speeds were imposed. This negative Magnus effect was investigated in the context of suppression or promotion of boundary layer transition around the separation point.